When it comes to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, there are a variety of options available to suit the needs of any home or business. From split systems to ductless systems, hybrid systems to packaged heating and air systems, each type of HVAC system has its own advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we'll explore the four main types of HVAC systems and discuss which one might be best for you. Split HVAC systems are the most common types of HVAC systems used in residential buildings.
They consist of two separate components, one for heating and the other for cooling, and they use a traditional thermostat to control the temperature of the entire structure. In most buildings with split systems, the heating unit is located in a basement, utility closet, or other indoor storage space. The heater runs on gas and uses an evaporator or fan to drive heat through the building's ducts. On the other hand, the cooling system is located outside and is connected to the building ducts through a series of tubes.
It uses compressors, coils, and refrigerant to generate cold air, and a fan directs warm air out and away from the building. A hybrid heating, ventilation and air conditioning system has the same structure and cooling unit as a split system, but it does not rely solely on gas to generate heat. While your heater can burn gas, it can also switch to electric power. Electric heating is usually slower and less powerful than gas heating, but this option gives building owners greater control over their buildings' energy consumption and can help reduce energy costs in milder climates. Compact heating and cooling systems are less common than split systems, but their smaller size makes them more suitable for small buildings that lack additional storage space. The heating and cooling components are housed in a single unit and are usually stored on a roof, in an attic, or near the foundation of the building.
Packaged HVAC systems connect to a building's supply and return ducts, often through a single hole in the wall. Depending on the climate, building owners may choose to install a compact heat pump containing evaporator coils or an air conditioner integrated with an air controller with optional thermal elements. Both systems cost less to install than split systems and are easier to maintain. Ductless mini-split systems are installed in individual rooms and are common accessories in multi-family homes, office buildings, and hotel rooms. These electrical units, also known as minislit systems, include an outdoor compressor and condenser, a refrigerant, an indoor air treatment unit, a heat pump, power cables, and a thermostat for each zone.
Copper tubing connects indoor and outdoor components, and a compressor can be connected to up to nine indoor air handling units. Before deciding what type of air conditioning system is right for your home or business, it's important to consult with a certified HVAC technician. An HVAC specialist or contractor can help you find a compatible option for your building that meets all your needs. Whether you're installing a new HVAC system or need a temporary temperature control solution for your workplace, there is an HVAC system that can meet your requirements.